Industries and Trade in India Gk Questions

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1.  The most important of the nontariff trade barriers are :

A.  Quotas
B.  Health regulations
C.  Pollution standards
D.  Labelling and packaging regulations

Correct Answer:-A ( Quotas )
Description:-  Non-tariff barriers to trade (NTBs) are trade barriers that restrict imports but are not in the usual form of a tariff. Some common examples of NTB’s are antidumping measures and countervailing duties, which, although they are called “non-tariff” barriers, have the effect of tariffs once they are enacted. Their use has risen sharply after the WTO rules led to a very significant reduction in tariff use. Some non-tariff trade barriers are expressly permitted in very limited circumstances, when they are deemed necessary to protect health, safety, or sanitation, or to protect depletable natural resources. Types of non-tariff barrier to trade include specific limitations on trade: quotas, import licensing requirements; Proportion restrictions of foreign to domestic goods (local content requirements); Minimum import price limits; and embargoes. An import quota is a limit on the quantity of a good that can be produced abroad and sold domestically. It is a type of protectionist trade restriction that sets a physical limit on the quantity of a good that can be imported into a country in a given period of time. If a quota is put on a good, less of it is imported.

2.  Where was the first cotton mill in India established?

A.  Surat
B.  Mumbai
C.  Ahmedabad
D.  Coimbatore

Correct Answer:-B ( Mumbai )
Description:-  Before the middle of the nineteenth century, India used to export cotton to Britain, and then re-import the textile. In 1820 the total textile import cost only Rs. 350,000. However, these costs escalated tremendously until in 1860 textile imports stood at Rs. 19.3 million. The impetus towards the founding of a cotton industry came from Indian entrepreneurs. The first Indian cotton mill, “The Bombay Spinning Mill”, was opened in 1854 in Bombay by Cowasji Nanabhai Davar. Opposition from the Lancashire mill owners was eventually offset by the support of the British manufacturers of textile machinery.

3.  Which of the following steel plants is not managed by Indian Steel Authority Limited ?

A.  Selaam Rust resistant Steel Plant
B.  Vishakhapatnam Steel Plant
C.  Alloy Steel Plant, Durgapur
D.  Bokaro Steel Plant

Correct Answer:-A ( Selaam Rust resistant Steel Plant )
Description:-  SAIL with its corporate office in New Delhi operates and manages five integrated steel plants at Bhilai, Bokaro, Durgapur, Rourkela and Burnpur, a plant of the Indian Iron and Steel Co. Ltd. (IISCO), which is a wholly owned subsidiary of SAIL. SAIL also has four Special and Alloy Steel and Ferro-alloys units at Durgapur, Salem, Chandrapur and Bhadravati. The plants at Chandrapur and Bhadravati belong to the Maharashtra Elektrosmelt Limited and Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Limited respectively which are also subsidiaries of SAIL.

4.  Where is the Integral Coach Factory situated ?

A.  Perambur
B.  Chittaranjan
C.  Mumbai
D.  Kolkata

Correct Answer:-A ( Perambur )
Description:-  Started in 1952; the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) is located in Perambur, a suburb of Chennai. Its primary products are rail coaches. Most of the coaches manufactured are supplied to the Indian Railways, but it has also manufactured coaches for railway companies in other countries, including Thailand, Burma, Taiwan, Zambia, Philippines, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam, Nigeria, Mozambique and Bangladesh. Recently, ICF exported coaches to Angola.

5.  Where was the first Cotton Mill in India established ?

A.  Surat
B.  Bombay (now Mumbai)
C.  Ahmedabad
D.  Coimbatore

Correct Answer:-B ( Bombay (now Mumbai) )
Description:-  The first Indian cotton mill, “The Bombay Spinning Mill”, was founded in 1854 in Bombay by Cowasji Nanabhai Davar – to offset the unfavourable balance of trade with England. India was exporting raw cotton to England and importing textiles from the Lancashire mills at an escalating cost.

6.  The cost producing iron in India is considerably lower than in other countries because of

A.  low wage of miners
B.  large supply of iron ore
C.  large supply of coal
D.  coal and iron ore are found in the same area

Correct Answer:-D ( coal and iron ore are found in the same area )
Description:-  Brazil, India, South Africa and China are highly competitive steel production locations. Brazil has vast reserves of high quality iron ore, but needs to import coal and has higher labour costs than some emerging markets. India has cheap iron and labour. But, India needs to import considerable volumes of low ash coal to blend with its domestically available high ash material. Still most of the iron and steel plants are located in vicinity of coal mines. It is for this reason that the Chhota Nagpur plateau bordering West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, and Madhya Pradesh, has been the natural nerve-centre of this industry.

7.  Which among the following integrated iron installation does not come under the management of Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) ?

A.  Bhilai
B.  Durgapur
C.  Rourkela
D.  Jamshedpur

Correct Answer:-D ( Jamshedpur )
Description:-  Steel Authority of India Limited is one of the largest state-owned steel-making company based in New Delhi, India and one of the top steel makers in World. Major plants owned by SAIL are located at Bhilai, Bokaro, Durgapur, Rourkela, Burnpur (near Asansol) and Salem.

8.  Which among the following city of India used first electricty commercially ?

A.  Kolkata
B.  Chennai
C.  Mumbai
D.  Darjeeling

Correct Answer:-D ( Darjeeling )
Description:-  November 10, 1897 was an epoch-making day in the power sector in India. A century back, on this day, the first hydel power station in India, and reportedly in Asia too, was commissioned at Sidrapong near Darjeeling town, the first power utility run on commercial basis for use of general public, heralding the electrical-energy-era in the Indian sub-continent, and ushering in a revolutionary change in the sociocultural and economic life of Indian society. Quite appropriately, the Government. of India declared Sidrapong Hydel Power Station as a ‘HERITAGE POWER STATION’ of India on the eve of its centenary.

9.  Which of the following is correctly matched with regard to thermal power projects ?

A.  Korba-Uttar Pradesh
B.  Ramagundam-Tamil Nadu
C.  Talcher-Andhra Pradesh
D.  Kawas-Gujarat

Correct Answer:-D ( Kawas-Gujarat )
Description:-  NTPC Kawas is located at Aditya Nagar, in Surat district in the Indian state of Gujarat. The power plant is one of the gas based power plants of NTPC. The gas for the power plant is sourced from GAIL HBJ Pipeline – South Basin Gas field. Source of water for the power plant is Hazira Branch Canal Singanpur Weir.

10.  The first shore-based, modern, integrated steel plant in India is in

A.  Salem
B.  Haldia
C.  Mangalore
D.  Vishakhapatnam

Correct Answer:-C ( Mangalore )
Description:-  Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited – Visakhapatnam Steel Plant (RINL-VSP) a Government of Indian Undertaking “Navratna” company popularly known as “Vizag Steel”, a leading Central PSU under the Ministry of Steel, Govt. of India is the first shore based integrated steel plant in the country with modern technology. RINL-VSP is known for adoption of new technology and was the first plant in the country to have 100%” Continuous Casting technology, Biggest Blast Furnaces of 3200 cu.m, Tall Coke Ovens with Coke Dry Quenching facility, Rolling Mills equipped with world best “Stelmor & Tempcore” Processes, highest captive power generation from Waste heat 40 MW for current 3 Mt and would go up to 90 MW after expansion.

11.  The Iron & Steel Industry at which of the following places was developed with German technical collaboration ?

A.  Durgapur
B.  Bhilai
C.  Rourkela
D.  Bhadravati

Correct Answer:-C ( Rourkela )
Description:-  Rourkela Steel Plant (RSP), the first integrated steel plant in the public sector in India, was set up with German collaboration with an installed capacity of 1 million tonnes. Subsequently, its capacity was enhanced to 1.9 million tonnes. RSP was the first plant in India to incorporate LD technology of steel making. It is also the first steel plant in SAIL and the only one presently where 100%” of slabs are produced through the cost-effective and quality-centeric continuous casting route.

12.  Which group of the industries maximise savings on transport costs by being located near the sources of materials?

A.  Iron and steel, aluminium, cement
B.  Iron and steel, sugar, cotton textiles
C.  Heavy machinery, cement, sugar
D.  Iron and steel, cement, silk

Correct Answer:-A ( Iron and steel, aluminium, cement )
Description:-  Nearness to source of raw materials is one of the key factors that guide the establishment of such industries as iron and steel, and other metal industries. Besides, they are also found near the coal mines which are used in smelting processes.

13.  The largest number of cotton textile mills is in—

A.  Maharashtra
B.  Gujarat
C.  Tamil Nadu
D.  Karnataka

Correct Answer:-C ( Tamil Nadu )
Description:-  Tamil Nadu has the largest number of textile mills (215) and accounts for about 5 per cent of the looms and 25 per cent of the spindles of the country. The state is the largest producer of mill made cotton yarns (44.46%”) in the country. Besides it is the third largest producer of mill-made cotton cloths (6.69%”) in India.

14.  Where are MIG engines assembled ?

A.  Koraput
B.  Nasik
C.  Bangalore
D.  Ozar

Correct Answer:-A ( Koraput )
Description:-  Koraput is a town and a Notified Area Council in Koraput district in the Indian state of Odisha. HAL factory (Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, a defence enterprise of the Government of India) is only 15 km from Koraput town. This HAL factory makes military aircraft engines for MiG and expanding for Sukhoi assembly line. The HAL factory and township is surrounded by hills and forest.

15.  Which of the following industries are the major beneficiaries of the Mumbai port ?

A.  Iron and Steel industry
B.  Sugar and Cotton textile industry
C.  Cotton textile and Petrochemical industry
D.  Engineering and Fertilizer industry

Correct Answer:-C ( Cotton textile and Petrochemical industry )
Description:-  Mumbai Port, earlier known as Bombay Port, lies midway (Latitude 18° 56.3′ N, Longitude 72° 45.9′ E) on the West coast of India, on the natural deep-water harbour of Mumbai. The port is primarily used for bulk cargo, while most container traffic is directed to Nhava Sheva port across the harbour. The port has four jetties on Jawahar Dweep, an island in the harbour, for handling Crude and petroleum products. Mumbai Port is the largest port in India and handles bulk cargo traffic with its four jetties for handling Liquid chemicals, Crude and petroleum products.

16.  Ankleshwar and Kalol are two oil fields in

A.  Maharashtra
B.  Assam
C.  Gujarat
D.  Rajasthan

Correct Answer:-C ( Gujarat )
Description:-  The major oil fields in Gujarat are in Mehsana, Kalol, Khambat and Ankleshwar. The important gas fields are at Kachchh and Ahmedabad.

17.  India exports iron ore mainly to

A.  Japan
B.  Bhutan
C.  Indonesia
D.  Russia

Correct Answer:-A ( Japan )
Description:-  India has one of the largest iron ore reserves in the world. According to the available information India’s iron ore reserves is around 22,000 million tonnes which will be sufficient for the next 150 years at the current rate of production of iron ore in the country. India is one of the world’s biggest exporters of iron ore, with much of its product bought by China, which has the world’s largest steel industry. Japan has also been a traditional importer of Indian iron ore. Recently, India’s exports of iron ore to Japan have been shrinking.

18.  If the commodities manufactured in Surat are sold in Mumbai or Delhi, then it is

A.  Territorial trade
B.  Internal trade
C.  International trade
D.  Free trade

Correct Answer:-B ( Internal trade )
Description:-  Domestic trade, also known as internal trade or home trade, is the exchange of domestic goods within the boundaries of a country. This may be sub-divided into two categories, wholesale and retail. Wholesale trade is concerned with buying goods from manufacturers or dealers in large quantities and selling them in smaller quantities to others who may retailers or even consumers. Wholesale trade is undertaken by wholesale merchants or wholesale commission agents. The importance of domestic trade in a country is that it facilitates exchange of goods within the country. By doing this it also makes sure that factors of production reach to the right places so that the economy of the country can grow. By allowing all different types of goods and services to reach to all parts of the country it improves the standard of living of the residents of the country as well as the employment rate of the country. And it helps the growth of an industry by ensuring the availability of raw materials.

19.  The Visvesvaraya Iron & Steel Ltd. is located at

A.  Bangalore
B.  Bhadravati
C.  Mangalore
D.  Mysore

Correct Answer:-B ( Bhadravati )
Description:-  Visvesvaraiya Iron and Steel Plant (VISL), A unit of Steel Authority of India Limited, is a company involved in the production of alloy steels and pig iron and located in the city of Bhadravathi, India. It was started as the Mysore Iron Works on January 18, 1923 by Sir M Visvesvaraiya. It is now a steel plant under the jurisdiction of the Steel Authority of India Limited.

20.  Which kind of power accounts for the largest share of power generation in India ?

A.  hydro-electricity
B.  thermal
C.  nuclear
D.  solar

Correct Answer:-B ( thermal )
Description:-  Thermal power is the largest source of power in India. There are different types of Thermal power plants based on the fuel used to generate the steam such as coal, gas, Diesel etc. About 75%” of electricity consumed in India are generated by Thermal power plants. More than 50%” of India’s commercial energy demand is met through the country’s vast coal reserves. Public sector undertaking National Thermal Power Corporation and several other state level power generating companies are engaged in operating coal based Thermal Power Plants.

21.  Bhilai Steel Plant was built with collaboration of

A.  Germany
B.  Soviet Union
C.  United Kingdom
D.  Japan

Correct Answer:-B ( Soviet Union )
Description:-  Bhilai Steel Plant, located in Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, is India’s first and main producer of steel rails, as well as a major producer of wide steel plates and a variety of saleable steel products. The plant also produces and markets various chemical by-products from its Coke Ovens and Coal Chemical Plants. This steel plant was set up with the help of the USSR in 1955.

22.  Where was the first iron and steel industry of India established ?

A.  Bhadravati
B.  Bhilai
C.  Jamshedpur
D.  Burnpur

Correct Answer:-C ( Jamshedpur )
Description:-  The modern iron and steel industry in India owes its origin to the grand vision and perseverance of Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata. The Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited (Tata Steel) was registered in Bombay on 26th August, 1907. The construction of the steel plant was then taken up in earnest with the first stake being driven in February 1908. The credit of steel manufacturing on large scale goes to Jamshed Ji Tata, who set up Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO) at Sakchi (Jamshedpur- Jharkhand). This plant produced iron in 1911 and steel in 1913. In 1919, Indian Iron and Steel Company established a steel plant, at Burnpur (Hira Pur-Kolkata).

23.  Integral Coach Factory is located at

A.  Chittaranjan (West Bengal)
B.  Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)
C.  Jamshedpur (Jharkhand)
D.  Perambur (Tamil Nadu)

Correct Answer:-D ( Perambur (Tamil Nadu) )
Description:-  Started in 1952, the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) is located in Perambur, a suburb of Chennai, India. Its primary products are rail coaches. Most of the coaches manufactured are supplied to the Indian Railways, but it has also manufactured coaches for railway companies in other countries, including Thailand, Burma, Taiwan, Zambia, Philippines, Tanzania, Uganda, Vietnam, Nigeria, Mozambique and Bangladesh. Recently, ICF exported coaches to Angola.

24.  Which one of the following is used in large quantities in Cement Industry ?

A.  Gypsum
B.  Limestone
C.  Coal
D.  Clay

Correct Answer:-B ( Limestone )
Description:-  Limestone, as used by the minerals industry, is any rock composed mostly of calcium carbonate (CaCO3). Limestone is used to produce Portland cement, as aggregate in concrete and asphalt, and in an enormous array of other products, making it a truly versatile commodity. Portland cement is essential to the building industry.

25.  The Bhilai Steel Plant has been established with the assistance of

A.  U.K.
B.  U.S.A.
C.  Russia
D.  Germany

Correct Answer:-C ( Russia )
Description:-  Bhilai Steel Plant, located in Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, is India’s first and main producer of steel rails, as well as a major producer of wide steel plates and a variety of saleable steel products. This steel plant was set up with the help of the USSR in 1955.

26.  The number of oil refineries working in the State of Assam is

A.  one
B.  two
C.  three
D.  four

Correct Answer:-D ( four )
Description:-  There are four our Oil Refineries of Assam: Digboi Refinery in 1901; Noonmati in Guwahati in 1962; Dhaligoan near Bongaigaon in 1962; and Numaligarh of Golaghat district in 1999. Guwahati Refinery was the country’s first Public Sector Refinery. Assam was the first state in the country where in 1889 oil was struck at Digboi in Tinsukia district.

27.  Major iron and steel industries are located in the plateau of

A.  Deccan
B.  Malwa
C.  Telangana
D.  Chota Nagpur

Correct Answer:-D ( Chota Nagpur )
Description:-  The Chhota Nagpur Plateau is a plateau in eastern India, which covers much of Jharkhand state as well as adjacent parts of Orissa, West Bengal, Bihar and Chhattisgarh. Chhota Nagpur plateau is a store house of minerals like mica, bauxite, copper, limestone, iron ore and coal. The Damodar valley is rich in coal and it is considered as the prime centre of coking coal in the country. Massive coal deposits are found in the central basin spreading over 2,883 km2. The important coalfields in the basin are Jharia, Raniganj, West Bokaro, East Bokaro, Ramgarh, South Karanpura and North Karanpura.

28.  The product used for manufacturing of Industrial alcohol is

A.  Khandasari
B.  Bagasse
C.  Molasses
D.  Paper-pulp

Correct Answer:-C ( Molasses )
Description:-  Molasses is a viscous by-product of the beating of sugarcane, grapes or sugar beets into sugar. Blackstrap molasses is a source of calcium, magnesium, potassium, and iron; one tablespoon provides up to 20%” of the daily value of each of those nutrients. Blackstrap has long been sold as a health supplement. It is used in the manufacture of ethyl alcohol for industry and as an ingredient in cattle feed.

29.  As per studies, the Tummalapalle mine in Andhra Pradesh could have Uranium reserve of

A.  1 lakh tonnes
B.  1.5 lakh tonnes
C.  2 lakh tonnes
D.  2.5 lakh tonnes

Correct Answer:-B ( 1.5 lakh tonnes )
Description:-  Tummalapalle in Andhra Pradesh could have one of the largest uranium reserves in the world. Recent studies have indicated that it could have a reserve of 1.5 lakh tonnes of the scarce material. Secretary, Department of Atomic Energy, and Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission Srikumar Banerjee said : “Studies have already shown that the area had a confirmed reserve of 49,000 tonnes and recent surveys indicated that this figure could go up even three folds.” He said uranium deposits in Tummalapalle appeared to be spread over 35 km. Exploratory works are under way. At present, the country is estimated to have a total reserve of about 1,75,000 tonnes of uranium, apart from this.

30.  At Sindri in Jharkhand, the fertilizer produced is

A.  Urea
B.  Ammonium Phosphate
C.  Calcium Super Phosphate
D.  Ammonium Sulphate

Correct Answer:-A ( Urea )
Description:-  The Sindri factory was a Urea factory. It was the first in India to produce Ammonium Sulphate (1951), Urea (1959), and Ammonium Nitrate-Sulphate, commonly called the Double salt (1959). The Board of Industrial and Financial Restructuring (BIFR), in August 2012, approved the revival proposal of the closed fertilizer factory. A 5 million tonne integrated steel plant together with one 1.14 million tonne Gas based Urea fertilizer Plant and 500 MW Power Plant is being contemplated.


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