History of Asia Gk Questions

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Explore the rich tapestry of Asia’s past with our comprehensive guide on History of Asia GK questions. Dive into ancient civilizations, empires, and historical events that shaped the largest continent. Perfect for students, history buffs, and quiz enthusiasts. Start your journey through time today!

विषय सूची

1.  When did China start the Civil Services Examinations ?

A.  6 A.D
B.  1905
C.  1920
D.  1949

Correct Answer:-[A] ( 6 A.D )
Description:-  One of the oldest examples of a civil service based on meritocracy is the Imperial bureaucracy of China, which can be traced as far back as the Qin Dynasty (221–207 BC). During the Han Dynasty (202 BC–220 AD) the xiaolian system of recommendation by superiors for appointments to office was established. The civil service recruitment method and educational system employed from the Han dynasty (206 B.C.– A.D. 220) was abolished by the Ch’ing dowager empress Tz’u Hsi in 1905 under pressure from leading Chinese intellectuals. The Sui dynasty (581–618) adopted this Han system and applied it in a much more systematic way as a method of official recruitment.

2.  Who was the first Calipha

A.  Sulaiman, the Great
B.  Abu Bakr
C.  Iman Hussain
D.  Constantine

Correct Answer:-[B] ( Abu Bakr )
Description:-  Abu Bakr was a senior companion (Sahabi) and the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632–634 CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad’s death. As Caliph, Abu Bakr succeeded to the political and administrative functions previously exercised by Muhammad, since the religious function and authority of prophethood ended with Muhammad’s death according to Islam. He was called Al-Siddiq (The Truthful).

3.  In which country is Karabla, the holy city of Shia Muslims located ?

A.  Iran
B.  Iraq
C.  Jordan
D.  Syria

Correct Answer:-[B] ( Iraq )
Description:-  Karbala is a city in Iraq, southwest of Baghdad. The city, best known as the location of the Battle of Karbala (680), is amongst the holiest cities for Shia Muslims after Mecca and Medina. It is home to the Imam Hussein Shrine. Karbala is famous as the site of the martyrdom of Hussein ibn Ali (Imam Hussein), and commemorations are held by millions of Shias annually to remember it. Karbala is considered sacred by all Shias.

4.  The city of “Tashkent” is located in

A.  Uzbekistan
B.  Kazakhstan
C.  Russia
D.  Kyrgystan

Correct Answer:-[A] ( Uzbekistan )
Description:-  Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan and of the Tashkent Province. This historic city is associated with the Tashkent Declaration of 10 January, 1966 which was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. The Soviets, represented by Premier Alexei Kosygin moderated between Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub Khan. The Tashkent conference, under UN, American and Russian pressure, compelled Pakistan and India to restore their national boundary and the 1949 ceasefire line in Kashmir. This eventually led to dissatisfaction and protests against the Ayub Khan leadership.

5.  Independence movement of Vietnam was headed by

A.  Ngo Dinh Diem
B.  Zhou Enlai
C.  Pol Pot
D.  Ho Chi Minh

Correct Answer:-[D] ( Ho Chi Minh )
Description:-  Ho Chi Minh was a Vietnamese Communist dictator who was prime minister (1945–1955) and president (1945–1969) of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam). He was a key figure in the foundation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945, as well as the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the Viet Cong (NLF or VC) during the Vietnam War. He led the Viet Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the communist-ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at battle of Dien Bien Phu.

6.  Which one country is still governed by a monarch ?

A.  Afghanistan
B.  Iran
C.  Iraq
D.  Saudi Arabia

Correct Answer:-[D] ( Saudi Arabia )
Description:-  Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is an absolute monarchy, although, according to the Basic Law of Saudi Arabia adopted by royal decree in 1992, the king must comply with Sharia (that is, Islamic law) and the Quran. The Quran and the Sunnah (the traditions of Muhammad) are declared to be the country’s constitution, but no written modern constitution has ever been written for Saudi Arabia, and Saudi Arabia remains the only Arab Nation where no national elections have ever taken place, since its creation. No political parties or national elections are permitted.

7.  Japan’s Parliament is known as

A.  Diet
B.  Dail
C.  Yuan
D.  Shora

Correct Answer:-[A] ( Diet )
Description:-  The Diet is Japan’s bicameral legislature. It is composed of a lower house, called the House of Representatives, and an upper house, called the House of Councillors. Both houses of the Diet are directly elected under a parallel voting system. In addition to passing laws, the Diet is formally responsible for selecting the Prime Minister. The Diet was first convened as the Imperial Diet in 1889 as a result of adopting the Meiji constitution. The Diet took its current form in 1947 upon the adoption of the postwar constitution and is considered by the Constitution to be the highest organ of state power.

8.  The currency of Thailand is

A.  Bhat
B.  Rupiah
C.  Yuan
D.  Yen

Correct Answer:-[A] ( Bhat )
Description:-  Baht is the currency of Thailand. It is subdivided into 100 satang. The issuance of currency is the responsibility of the Bank of Thailand.

9.  1911 Revolution of China resulted in

A.  Establishment of a Republic
B.  Reudalism
C.  Democracy
D.  Increased problems of people

Correct Answer:-[A] ( Establishment of a Republic )
Description:-  The Xinhai Revolution, also known as the Revolution of 1911 or the Chinese Revolution, overthrew China’s last imperial dynasty, the Qing Dynasty, and established the Republic of China. The revolution was named Xinhai because it occurred in 1911, the year of the Xinhai stem-branch in the sexagenary cycle of the Chinese calendar. January 1, 1912, was set as the first day of the First Year of the Republic of China.

10.  East Timor, in Indonesian Archipelago, was the former colony of

A.  Dutch
B.  English
C.  French
D.  Portuguese

Correct Answer:-[D] ( Portuguese )
Description:-  East Timor was colonized by Portugal in the 16th century, and was known as Portuguese Timor until Portugal’s decolonization of the country. In late 1975, East Timor declared its independence, but later that year was invaded and occupied by Indonesia and was declared Indonesia’s 27th province the following year. In 1999, following the United Nations-sponsored act of self-determination, Indonesia relinquished control of the territory and East Timor became the first new sovereign state of the 21st century on May 20, 2002.

11.  The world’s oldest continuously inhabited city is

A.  Jerusalem
B.  Baghdad
C.  Istanbul
D.  Damascus

Correct Answer:-[D] ( Damascus )
Description:-  Damascus is often claimed to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world, and evidence exists of a settlement in the wider Barada basin dating back to 9000 BC. However, within the area of Damascus, there is no evidence for large-scale settlement until the 2nd millennium BC. It has been continuously inhabited since the Chalcolithic period.

12.  Zend-Avesta is the sacred book of the

A.  Parsees
B.  Jains
C.  Jews
D.  Buddhists

Correct Answer:-[A] ( Parsees )
Description:-  The Avesta is the primary collection of sacred texts of Zoroastrianism, and is composed in the Avestan language. The word Zend literally meaning “interpretation”, refers to late Middle Persian language paraphrases of and commentaries on the individual Avestan books: they could be compared with the Jewish Targums.

13.  In which country the Head of the State gets his office by the law of hereditary succession?

A.  China
B.  Sri Lanka
C.  France
D.  Japan

Correct Answer:-[D] ( Japan )
Description:-  The Emperor of Japan— defined in the Constitution is “the symbol of the State and of the unity of the people” (Article 1) and generally recognized throughout the world as the Japanese head of state — is a ceremonial figurehead with no independent discretionary powers related to the governance of Japan. The post is hereditary and is monarchical.

14.  The Wailing wall is situated in

A.  Berlin
B.  Beijing
C.  Jerusalem
D.  Tel Aviv

Correct Answer:-[C] ( Jerusalem )
Description:-  The Western Wall (Wailing Wall) is the holiest shrine of the Jewish world which is located in Jerusalem. The Western Wall is part of the retaining wall supporting the temple mount built by Herod in 20 B.C. After the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 A.D., Jews were not allowed to come to Jerusalem until the Byzantine period, when they could visit once a year on the anniversary of the destruction of the Temple and weep over the ruins of the Holy Temple. Because of this, the wall became known as the “Wailing Wall.”

15.  Which of the following is not a religion developed in ancient time (i.e. In B.C.) ?

A.  Shintoism
B.  Zorostrianism
C.  Islam
D.  Taoism

Correct Answer:-[C] ( Islam )
Description:-  Most religious historians view Islam as having been founded in 622 CE by Muhammad the Prophet (peace be upon him). He lived from about 570 to 632 CE). The religion started in Mecca, when the angel Jibril read the first revelation to Muhammad.

16.  The Chinese Nationalist Party Kuomintang was found by

A.  Pu-yi
B.  Mao Tse-tung
C.  Chiang Kai-shek
D.  Sun Yat-sen

Correct Answer:-[C] ( Chiang Kai-shek )
Description:-  The Kuomintang translated as the Chinese Nationalist Party, was one of the dominant parties of the early Republic of China, from 1912 onwards, and remains one of the main political parties in modern Taiwan. Its guiding ideology is the Three Principles of the People, advocated by Sun Yat- Sen. The KMT was founded by Song Jiaoren and Sun Yat-sen shortly after the Xinhai Revolution. Later led by Chiang Kai-shek, it ruled much of China from 1928 until its retreat to Taiwan in 1949 after being defeated by the Communist Party of China (CPC) during the Chinese Civil War.

17.  The world’s first drainage system was build by the people of

A.  Egyptian civilization
B.  Indus Valley civilization
C.  Chinese civilization
D.  Mesopotamian civilization

Correct Answer:-[B] ( Indus Valley civilization )
Description:-  The Indus Valley civilization is noted for its cities built of brick, roadside drainage system, and multistoried houses which other Bronze Age civilizations lacked to the extent that the Indus people had. The Drainage System of the Indus Valley Civilization was quite advanced. The drains were covered with slabs. Water flowed from houses into the street drains. The street drains had manholes at regular intervals.

18.  The capital of Pakistan till 1959 was

A.  Islamabad
B.  Karachi
C.  Lahore
D.  Hyderabad

Correct Answer:-[B] ( Karachi )
Description:-  Karachi is the largest city, main seaport and financial centre of Pakistan, as well as the capital of the province of Sindh. By the time of independence of Pakistan in 1947, Karachi was chosen as the capital of Pakistan, which at the time included modern day Bangladesh. In 1958, the capital of Pakistan was moved from Karachi to Rawalpindi and then in 1960, to the newly built Islamabad.

19.  Who was the chairperson of the Chinese Communist Party at the time of liberation of China?

A.  Zhou Enlai
B.  Deng Xiaoping
C.  Mao Zedong
D.  Liu Shaoqi

Correct Answer:-[C] ( Mao Zedong )
Description:-  The Chinese Civil War was fought between forces loyal to the government of the Republic of China led by the Kuomintang and forces of the Communist Party of China in April 1927. Mao Zedong was the leader of the Chinese Communist Party.

20.  Peking is the sacred place of

A.  Taoism
B.  Shintoism
C.  Confucianism
D.  Judaism

Correct Answer:-[C] ( Confucianism )
Description:-  Peking (Beijing) is the sacred place of Confucianism. It was founded by King Fu Tsu, better known as Confucius, in 500 BC. Its sacred text is ‘The Analects’.

21.  On which side did Japan fight in the First World War ?

A.  none, it wag neutral
B.  with Germany against United Kingdom
C.  against Russia on its own
D.  with United Kingdom against Germany

Correct Answer:-[D] ( with United Kingdom against Germany )
Description:-  The First World War involved all the world’s great powers, which were assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies (based on the Triple Entente of the United Kingdom, France and Russia) and the Central Powers (originally the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy). These alliances were both re-organized and expanded as more nations entered the war: Italy, Japan and the United States joined the Allies, and the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria the Central Powers.

22.  Indonesia was a colony of which of the following countries?

A.  Dutch
B.  Spain
C.  Portugal
D.  Belgium

Correct Answer:-[A] ( Dutch )
Description:-  The Dutch East Indies was a Dutch colony that became modern Indonesia following World War II. It was formed from the nationalised colonies of the Dutch East India Company, which came under the administration of the Dutch government in 1800. This colony which later formed modern-day Indonesia was one of the most valuable European colonies under the Dutch Empire’s rule, and contributed to Dutch global prominence in spice and cash crop trade in 19th to early 20th century.

23.  The Great Wall of China was built by

A.  Li-tai-pu
B.  Shih Huang-ti
C.  Lao-tze
D.  Confucius

Correct Answer:-[B] ( Shih Huang-ti )
Description:-  Shih Huang Ti (259 – 210 BC) was the first ruler to unify all of China. His public works projects included the unification of diverse state walls into a single Great Wall of China and a massive new national road system, as well as the city-sized mausoleum guarded by the life-sized Terracotta Army.

24.  The Crimean War in 1854–1856 was fought between

A.  Russia and Turkey
B.  USA and England
C.  Russia and Japan
D.  England and France

Correct Answer:-[A] ( Russia and Turkey )
Description:-  The Crimean War (October 1853–February 1856), also known as Eastern War, was fought mainly on the Crimean Peninsula between the Russians and the British, French, and Ottoman Turkish and Sardinia. The immediate cause involved the rights of Christian minorities in the Holy Land, which was controlled by the Ottoman Empire.

25.  Bangladesh was created in –

A.  1970
B.  1972
C.  1973
D.  1971

Correct Answer:-[D] ( 1971)
Description:-  Modern Bangladesh came into being on March 26, 1971 when it proclaimed Declaration of Independence from Pakistan. It was followed by Bangladesh-India Allied Forces defeating the Pakistan Army, culminating in its surrender and the Liberation of Dhaka on 16 December 1971. On 17 December 1971, the nation of Bangla Desh was finally established.

26.  Taoism, is an ancient tradition of Philosophy and religious belief deeply rooted in

A.  Taiwanese custom and world view
B.  Chinese custom and world view
C.  Japanese custom and world view
D.  Vietnamese custom and world view

Correct Answer:-[B] ( Chinese custom and world view )
Description:-  Taoism is an ancient tradition of philosophy and religious belief that is deeply rooted in Chinese customs and worldview. It originated in China 2000 years ago. Taoist ideas have become popular throughout the world through Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong, and various martial arts.

27.  Synagogue is the place of worship of

A.  Zoroastrianism
B.  Taoism
C.  Judaism
D.  Shintoism

Correct Answer:-[C] ( Judaism )
Description:-  Synagogueis a Jewish house of prayer. In Judaism (the religion, philosophy, culture and way of life of the Jewish people), synagogues are consecrated spaces used for the purpose of prayer, Torah reading, study and assembly; however, a synagogue is not necessary for worship.

28.  Japanese folk tradition and ritual, with no founder or single sacred scripture, is popularly known as

A.  Taoism
B.  Zoroastrianism
C.  Shintoism
D.  Paganism

Correct Answer:-[C] ( Shintoism )
Description:-  Shinto is a Japanese folk tradition and ritual, with no founder or single sacred scripture. It focuses on ritual practices to be carried out diligently, to establish a connection between present-day Japan and its ancient past. Shinto is the largest religion in Japan, practiced by nearly 80% of the population.

29.  During the reign of which dynasty was the Great Wall of China constructed?

A.  Sung
B.  Tang
C.  Han
D.  Chin

Correct Answer:-[D] ( Chin )
Description:-  The Great Wall of China was mainly built during the reign of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, along the country’s northern border to prevent the invasion of Huns.Qin Shi Huangwas the founder of the Qin (Chin) dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China in 221 B.C. Later the Han (202 B.C – 220 A.D), the Northern Qi (550–574), the Sui (589–618), and particularly the Ming (1369–1644) were among those that rebuilt, re-manned, and expanded the Walls.


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